This book presents the select peer-reviewed proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Bioprocess Engineering and Technology (ICABET 2020). The book covers all aspects of bioprocesses, especially related to fermentation technology, food technology, environmental biotechnology, and sustainable energy. Along with this primary theme, the focus is on recent advances in bioprocessing research such as biosensors, micro-reactors, novel separation techniques, bioprocess control, bio-safety, advanced techniques for waste to wealth generation, and nanobiotechnology. This contents are divided according to the major themes of the conference: (i) Fermentation Technology and Bioreactor, (ii) Food Pharmaceuticals and Health care, (iii) Environment and Agriculture, and (iv) Sustainable Energy. This book is intended to help students, researchers, and industry professionals acquire knowledge on innovative technologies and recent advancements in the field of bioprocess engineering and technology.