In the name of of Allah the Merciful

Chariot in Indian History

U.P. Thapliyal, B0B4V8FQ1P, 1032375221, 978-1032375229, 9781032375229

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English | 2023 | PDF | 9 MB | 230 Pages

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The  invention and development of the chariot around the third millennium  revolutionized the art of warfare and dominated the battlefields for  some 3000 years. It seems to have evolved in the borderlands between the  steppes and the riverlands. It is believed that the Āryan borrowed the  idea of chariot from Sumerians around 2000 bc.

It  is presumed that these Āryans entered Iran and departed in three  branches. One marches westward towards Syria, another eastward towards  India and a third stays back in Iran. The absence of chariot in Indus  valley civilization suggests that chariot arrived in India with Āryans,  who settled here around 1500 bc. They used it as a lethal war machine to  conquer the natives.

The Chariot has played a vital role in  Indian warfare through the ages, spanning over Vedic, Epic, and Puranic  times, as attested to by literary and archaeological evidence. The Turk  invasion marked by the dominance of cavalry arm brought the curtain down  on chariot as a war machine. However, it survived in the Indian milieu  in some other incarnations.